Solar photovoltaic systems – logistics
The process of manufacturing a high quality photovoltaic module takes effort and energy. Therefore, it can be frustrating for the end user and the manufacturer when the resulting module is cracked, scratched, broken and contains microcracks due to poor transport measures. In order to protect solar panels from this type of damage, which often occurs, standards must be established to combat the negative externalities of poor logistics.
Unfortunately, as the photovoltaic industry is younger, there is currently no widely accepted standard guide on how PV modules should be packaged, ordered, transported and unloaded. This is due to the fact that there are many photovoltaic manufacturers who produce many types of modules that require specific processing unique to their properties. Therefore, at all times when dealing with the transport of photovoltaic modules, you must be extremely careful who you choose to work with and make sure that they have proven experience in the field of logistics.
The behavior of the module differs when subjected to different packaging and transport methods. Simply put, the risks are many. The journey for many modules is long. For example, consider modules made in China, which then take a long sea voyage to Europe or the United States and then arrive in ports and transfer to transport wagons to move on to their destination.
Vendors then need to make sure that the last trip the module makes to its final destination is “accident-free.” The modules can move or even slip out of their packaging. The whole box full of modules can fall off the pallet. Or stacking them on top of each other can cause stress, which can lead to the formation of micro-cracks, something that the end customer cannot immediately detect upon receipt.
The goals of low logistics costs and high quality are diametrically opposed and the assurance that some contractors give cannot be enough!
Most of the large manufacturers apply their researched methods of transportation, which specifically meet the specifics of the transported panels. The responsibility for its observance in the chain falls on everyone in it.
Even the way of arrangement in the warehouse is not an unambiguous decision and should be done uncompromisingly according to the clear and specific requirements of the manufacturer. The trade-offs of some retailers and installers reduce efficiency with relative impunity and, in addition to being at odds with good and quality performance, certainly harm the end user.
Do not just trust your experience or the advice of “false prophets” but read the instructions and do not compromise.
The application of these standards has its added value to the business and is in favor of generating more satisfied customers.